Known as America’s “third coast,” the Mississippi River Delta formed thousands of years ago. Boasting remarkable diversity across all its landforms and species, Louisiana is the jewel in the Gulf Coast’s crown. Featuring a wide variety of flora and fauna specifically adapted to our wetlands, coastal Louisiana has many distinct zones. Moving from inland to the coast, the area features bottomland hardwood forests, cypress-tupelo forests, saltwater, freshwater and brackish marshes, open waterways and bays.
The importance of these zones cannot be overstated. Not only do they provide needed habitats for our wildlife — including marsh fowl, shellfish and the iconic American alligator, a genuine conservation success story — but they also provide crucial protection for the people who live in the area. As research into coastal dynamics has long shown, the more land there is to absorb the impact of storm surges, the lesser the risk to Louisiana’s coastal communities, and the lesser the damage on the nearby homes, businesses, and infrastructure of national importance.